patriarch

patriarch [pā′trē ärk΄]
n.
[ME patriarche < OFr < LL(Ec) patriarcha < Gr(Ec) patriarchēs (transl. of Heb roshe-avot) < Gr patria, family < patēr,FATHER + -archēs < archein, to rule]
1. the father and ruler of a family or tribe, as one of the founders of the ancient Hebrew families: in the Bible, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Jacob's twelve sons were patriarchs
2. a person regarded as the founder or father of a colony, religion, business, etc.
3. a man of great age and dignity
4. the oldest individual of a class or group
5. [often P-]
a) a bishop in the early Christian Church, esp. a bishop of Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, or Jerusalem
b) R.C.Ch. the pope (Patriarch of the West), or any of certain bishops ranking immediately after him, as the bishops of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem
c) Eastern Orthodox Ch. the highest-ranking bishop at Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem, Moscow, Bucharest, etc.
d) the jurisdictional head of any of certain other churches, as the Coptic, Nestorian, Armenian, etc.
e) Mormon Ch. a high-ranking member of the Melchizedek priesthood

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Patriarch — • The word patriarch as applied to Biblical personages comes from the Septuagint version . . . Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Patriarch     Patriarch      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Patriarch — Pa tri*arch (p[=a] tr[i^]*[aum]rk), n. [F. patriarche, L. patriarcha, Gr. paria rchhs, fr. paria lineage, especially on the father s side, race; path r father + archo s a leader, chief, fr. a rchein to lead, rule. See {Father}, {Archaic}.] 1. The …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Patriarch — Sm Bischof, hoher Geistlicher std. (12. Jh.), mhd. patriarc[he], patriarke Entlehnung. Ist entlehnt aus kirchen l. patriarcha, patriarchēs, dieses aus gr. patriárchēs, eigentlich Stammesführer , zu gr. patriā Vaterland, Stamm , zu gr. patḗr… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Patriarch — (v. gr.), 1) Altvater, Haupt einer Familie; 2) (Erzväter), Stammväter der Geschlechter nach der Sündfluth, welche ein sehr hohes Alter erreichten; als P en bei den Hebräern galten Abraham, Isaak u. Jacob (s.d.a. unt. Hebräer, Gesch.). Solche P en …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Patriarch — (griech., »Altvater, Erzvater«), Name der Familienhäupter des biblischen Urgeschlechts und der Stammväter Israels bis auf die zwölf Söhne Jakobs. In der jüdischen Zeit führten die Vorsteher der Synedrien in Tiberias und Babylon diesen Ehrennamen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • patriarch — index ancestor, parents, precursor, predecessor, primogenitor Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • patriarch — (n.) late 12c., from O.Fr. patriarche one of the Old Testament fathers (11c.), from L.L. patriarcha (Tertullian), from Gk. patriarches chief or head of a family, from patria family, clan, from pater father (see FATHER (Cf. father) (n.)) + arkhein …   Etymology dictionary

  • Patriarch — Patriarch: Der Amts und Ehrentitel einiger höchster kirchlicher Würdenträger wurde in mhd. Zeit (mhd. patriarche, patriare) aus gleichbed. kirchenlat. patriarcha entlehnt, das seinerseits aus griech. patriárchēs »Stammvater, Sippenoberhaupt«… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • patriarch — ► NOUN 1) the male head of a family or tribe. 2) a biblical figure regarded as a father of the human race, especially Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and their forefathers, or the sons of Jacob. 3) a powerful or respected older man. 4) a high ranking… …   English terms dictionary

  • Patriarch — Originally a patriarch was a man who exercised autocratic authority as a pater familias over an extended family. The system of such rule of families by senior males is called patriarchy. This is a Greek word, a composition of polytonic|πατήρ… …   Wikipedia

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